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Tips on citing research papers and theses   Tags: citation help  

Last Updated: Oct 7, 2017 URL: Print Guide

AMA Citation Print Page

AMA Style

  • AMA Manual of Style
    Everything you need to produce well-organized and clear manuscripts

    The AMA Manual of Style is a must-have guide for anyone involved in medical and scientific publishing.

When to Cite

  • Anything that is printed, spoken or sung (except facts or common knowledge)
  • Unusual phrase borrowed from a speaker or writer
  • Photos, drawings, charts, graphs, etc.
  • Someone else's unpublished research findings


Examples of AMA Citations

Citing a Book with Multiple Authors  

   Simon LS, Lipman AG, Jacox AK, et al. Pain in Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Juvenile    Chronic Arthritis. 2nd ed. Glenview, IL: American  Pain Society; 2002.

Citing a Chapter in a Book

   Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In:    Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen   Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcell Dekker;    2004:585-606.

Citing an Academic Journal
   Rainier S, Thomas D, Tokarz D, et al. Myofibrillogenesis regulator 1 gene mutations cause paroxysmal    dystonic choreoathetosis. Arch Neurol.   2004;61(7):1025-1029.

Citing a Government or Agency Bulletins
   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2000. Atlanta,    GA: Centers for Disease Control and  Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2001.

Citing a Thesis and Dissertations
   Fenster SD. Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic    Cytoskeletal Matrix [dissertation]. Birmingham:   University of Alabama; 2000.

Citing an Online Journal
   Duchin JS. Can preparedness for biological terrorism save us from pertussis? Arch Pediatr Adolesc    Med. 2004;158(2):106-107. /full/158/2/106. Accessed June    1, 2004.

Citing a Website

   Recommendations for the care and maintenance of high intensity metal halide and mercury vapor    lighting in schools. National Electrical   Manufacturers Association. Accessed December 6, 2005.

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